Waxman J, Yalamanchali S, Valle ES, Pott T, Friedman M. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Mar;150(6):1010-1017.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of twice-daily proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment on the relationship between laryngopharyngeal pH environment and symptoms in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR).
RESULTS: Most patients (67.4%) had symptom normalization; however, most patients (60.5%) did not have pH normalization. For all patients whose symptoms did not normalize, pH scores also did not normalize; 32.6% of patients showed no subjective or objective treatment response. For individuals whose symptoms normalized but whose pH scores did not normalize, there was a significant decrease in upright pH score. For the entire group, pretreatment symptom and upright pH scores were strongly positively correlated. Improvements in symptom and upright pH scores following treatment were moderately positively correlated.
CONCLUSION: Laryngopharyngeal pH failed to normalize for most individuals after PPI treatment; only pH improvement was necessary for symptom normalization. Many patients had no treatment response. Laryngopharyngeal reflux patients may make up a heterogeneous group, and PPI responsivity may help explain conflicting results from previous studies. Post-treatment pH monitoring is recommended in studies investigating the efficacy of PPI therapy for LPR.